Regardless of a player's objectives, a good base layout is crucial to success in their objective, whether it be trophy pushing, farming, or warring. A poorly designed base will easily fall to attacks, regardless of how much Gold is invested into the defenses. On the other hand, a well-designed base will be able to defend better even if the defenses are weaker.
This page is dedicated to sound strategy that will help you build your base. You should never copy any base you see on the web since any published base can have all weaknesses known. However, knowing how to build a base and having examples will allow you to create your own nuances in a base.
Foundation of a Great Layout
Building a defense means understanding how the troops that attack it work, what they target and ways to target them. Knowing the types of armies your attacker may be using goes a long way toward this goal. No base is a perfect defense against every type of attack, however building against common attacks can help ensure success.
The first thing is to know what you're trying to achieve. There are many different types of bases that you can make in Clash of Clans and it is vital that you make a well designed base for the job that you want it to do. There are therefore a few fundamentals that you need to understand in order to achieve a good design.
Farming Bases are designed against multiplayer opponents who are farming for your resources. You are protecting Elixir, Gold and Dark Elixir from easily being stolen by making other targets more viable than them. You are also giving up minor resources and keeping major ones highly protected.
- The resource storage(s) that you intend to protect most should be located in the center of the base, generally guarded by your most powerful defenses and the Clan Castle. Oftentimes this may be the Dark Elixir Storage, but in some cases at lower levels (or by your choice) it can be the Gold or Elixir Storages.
- Other resource storages should be distributed evenly around the main compartments, preferably in separate compartments, so the you won't lose all of the storages at once. In special cases where you do not consider a particular resource to be important (for example, Elixir at TH8 may often be neglected), you can choose to leave it outside of the walls in hopes of exchanging the resources for trophies from other farmers.
- Placing all of the storages in the same compartment is a high-risk strategy. If the attacker fails to enter the compartment where you place the storages, they'll receive relatively low amounts of loot, but if they manage to breach it, it can often be easily cleared out especially with the assistance of Rage Spells, which'll mean you lose all of the loot available to them.
- Distribute the defenses around the compartments so that the storages are well-defended.
- If space allows, you can place your resource collectors inside the walls. This is especially the case if you are less active and are unable to collect from them regularly.
- Placement of the Town Hall can be off-center or even outside of the walls of the base.
- Keeping the Town Hall closer to the center will allow you to better defend the resources it holds. If you place it far from the center, keep in mind that people that "snipe" your Town Hall will be less likely to achieve 30% and give you a shield.
- Placing the Town Hall in the vicinity of the storages is recommended if you intend to defend your storages with its Giga Tesla if you have it installed. However, keep in mind that the placement can be exploited by Siege Machines, especially Wall Wreckers (which can approach your main compartments from the side opposite the Town Hall), so you should have some countermeasures ready for them. Additionally, the Giga Tesla does not engage until the Town Hall is attacked or at least 51% damage is achieved; if you're defending your storages with it, chances are that a majority of the base has already been cleared out by then.
Trophy bases have the primary intention of protecting trophies. You will often protect the Town Hall, as its destruction means a star and consequently, trophies for the attacker. In addition to protecting the Town Hall you may also wish to prevent 50% destruction as that is yet another way to score stars.
Preventing 50% destruction is hard; many armies will be capable of achieving it by simply attacking the least-defended parts of your base (which will typically be near or outside the front-line walls) and hoping for the best. However, some layouts can make it very hard to destroy the Town Hall, thus limiting the attacker to one star in most cases.
- The Town Hall is normally situated in a main compartment with the Clan Castle, Air Defenses and Air Sweepers. If you are a higher level player, it should be guarded with X-Bows, Inferno Towers, and the Eagle Artillery. This means that whatever level you are, you need to have a centralized Town Hall that is heavily protected.
- There are also normally a few walled layers between the Town Hall and the edge of the base. This may have defensive buildings inside or it maybe one space between walls to make attacking troops destroy another wall layer. Either of these methods is an effective way of slowing down potential attackers.
- As an alternative to defending the Town Hall heavily, you can choose to isolate the Town Hall, and leave a large area around it unoccupied by buildings, using Walls to wall it off and fill up any gaps that arise in the base. This means that attacking troops will often move around the Town Hall rather than towards it. However, this opens your Town Hall up to Wall Wreckers and Battle Blimps sent out at the end of an attack which can carry Clan Castle troops like P.E.K.K.As to finish off the exposed Town Hall.
- To prevent attackers from attaining 50% easily, you should make sure that you don't leave too many buildings outside of the walls. If you do intend to leave many buildings outside the walls, be sure they are at least defended in some way (using an Archer Tower, for example), so that Archers and other lesser units cannot pick them off easily.
- Placing your resource storages outside the walls is one way of easily gaining trophies in low-mid leagues. Farmers can simply choose to steal from the storages using a few troops or with just their heroes. However, this is less likely to work at higher leagues.
Hybrid bases intend to protect both the player's trophies and resources at the same time and is the most typical type of base. As such, it draws aspects from both farming and trophy bases.
- You generally want to protect the Town Hall with your most powerful defenses. Its destruction means both loss of trophies, as well as the sizable amount of resources it holds. However, you'll also want to protect the resources you value the most. Have these defenses guarding both at once.
- You can have an interchangeable layout so you can swap storages with defences so that different things are more heavily protected. This is often achieved by leaving a reasonable amount of space inside your walls to move buildings around, but not too much space as to allow attackers to spawn their attacking forces in the middle of your base.
- You may wish to do is to place Wizard Towers around storages and within range of each other. This way you can destroy large hordes of troops and Goblins and Barbarians easily.
- It is also recommended that you have your Clan Castle and Hero Altars as central as possible, so they can cover your entire base. Prioritise the positioning of these defences over Cannons or Archer Towers, which can be placed on the outskirts of your base.
- Protect your resource storages, but also be sure to spread them out. Keeping them too close together enables an attacker to easily steal from multiple storages at the same time. However, placing them too close to the outside of the base enables attackers to steal from them easily.
- Most Hybrid bases are segmented by walls so that each compartment isn’t very big. This is a good idea so that the enemy doesn’t steal all resources and destroy your Town Hall all at once.
War bases aim to prevent enemies from gaining stars. Typically they are designed in a way to prevent two or three stars, usually the latter. Successful war bases are capable of preventing the opponent from achieving their goal and forces them to make multiple attacks against your base.
- Trophy layouts can often double as war layouts, depending on the player's success with using the layout in multiplayer battles.
- Commonly, the defenses are the only ones barricaded by walls, leaving the collectors outside while storages may be left outside or be placed inside to protect defenses.
- The Clan Castle is commonly at the middle of the base where it is hard to reach as usually in wars it is more common to have Clan Castle troops in war.
- Oftentimes, the defending Archer Queen can be treated like a defense when building war layouts due to her very high damage output.
- Engineered "anti-3 star" bases lean away from common practices and use troll-like lures to provide easy "2 star" access while preventing three stars.
- These can include easy access to the Town Hall to protect important defenses and subtle rings to funnel troops away from defenses.
- You can heavily exploit troop behavior when building such a war base. For example, you can place your Air Defenses in a straight line formation, so that Lava Hounds will move in that direction and split away from Balloons as they are picked off by Archer Towers and Hidden Teslas. Or, you can place defenses in a way that attacking Hog Riders are forced to travel through two Giant Bombs at the same time, heavily damaging them.
- Grouping defenses together so that a particular area is very heavily defended can help deny Queen Walks and Queen Charges through that area or force the use of a Rage Spell or Freeze Spell. X-Bows, point defenses like Cannons, and single-target Inferno Towers do this job particularly well.
- Exploiting the power of Traps are as important as good placement of defenses. For example, a well-placed Spring Trap can launch several Giants or a single Ice Golem at once, or dispose of Wall Breakers, while Seeking Air Mines are an easy way to get rid of Healers that appear in Queen Walks.
- When building a war base, it is important to think about how you would attack the base you built. Doing Friendly Challenges with clanmates enables you to visualise how your base would hold up against attacks.
Putting Defenses to Use
Each defense has a job to do. Stopping different troop types and attack strategies is one of the most common ways to succeed.
Defense Against the Wall Breaker
Wall Layouts in Bases
What to Put Inside Your Walls and Why
What should you NOT put Inside Your Walls and Why
Other Wall Info
Obstacles (trees, bushes, stones, etc.) cannot be used as walls or barriers! Troops can be placed directly on top of them, in front of them, or behind them! The same goes for Decorations (flags, torches, etc), Traps (Bombs, Spring Traps, etc.) and even Hidden Teslas. None of these (with the exception of Hidden Teslas, which are hidden buildings) actually have hit points like your buildings do either. Neither do they count as building space when you're under attack (even the Hidden Teslas, until they are revealed). For example, if you have a large area of at least 3x3 with only decorations or traps within that area, enemy troops can be placed directly into the area where those Decorations, Traps or Obstacles are during an attack on your village.
- Wall Breakers have a bigger splash damage, so it is not recommended to use Double Walls, since they will destroy both lines of Walls with one blast.
- If you find some buildings not necessary to protect, leave them outside as 'buffers'. Most enemy troops will target those buildings, even while your defenses attack them.
Well placed defenses and traps contribute to a solid layout that will stop many attacks. To make the most of a defense, it is important to know the best places to put them.
Here is where you can find a variety of layouts which your fellow clashers decided to share, have fun picking!
You can upload images of your layouts here.